Calcite, which gets its name from “chalix” the Greek word for lime, is a most amazing and yet, most common mineral. It is one of the most common minerals on the face of the Earth, comprising about 4% by weight of the Earth’s crust and is formed in many different geological environments. Calcite can form
Calcite is a very abundant mineral found in the Earth’s crust. It is found in sedimentary rock. Calcite contains carbon, calcium, and oxygen which are collectively known as calcium carbonate. It is usually mined from deep underground or quarried from the surface of the Earth.
Calcite is a carbonate mineral and the most stable polymorph of calcium carbonate (CaCO3). The Mohs scale of mineral hardness, based on scratch hardness comparison, defines value 3 as “calcite”. Other polymorphs of calcium carbonate are the minerals aragonite and vaterite. Aragonite will change to calcite over timescales of days or less at temperatures exceeding 300 °C, and vaterite is even less stable.